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How to Install And Configure Apache on Ubuntu

If you intend to create a web server (or streaming server) on your Ubuntu machine, apache is an important module that must be installed. In following this tutorial how to Install And Configure Apache on your Ubuntu.

Install apache into your Ubuntu is easy enough using either the Synaptic Package Manager, Software Center Ubuntu, and install "apache2" module. Or, you can open a terminal and type the following command:


sudo apt-get install apache2

After installation is complete, open a browser and type to "http://localhost" URL. If you see the words "It Works!", then your apache installation succeeded.

Furthermore, Apache Configuration

After you install Apache, it will be added to the list of init.d and will automatically start each time you boot up your computer. The following command allows you to start, restart, stop Apache.

sudo / etc/init.d/apache2 start # start apache

sudo / etc/init.d/apache2 stop # stop apache

sudo / etc/init.d/apache2 restart # restart apache


To prevent Apache from auto start at boot:

sudo update-rc.d-f apache2 remove

To return back to auto start Apache type the following:

sudo update-rc.d apache2 defaults

Note: The above command will work on debian-based distros (including Ubuntu).

Changing the default folder localhost

By default, Apache will operate in "/ var / www"folder. This means that whatever you place the files in / var / www folder will be visible from the http://localhost URL. In some cases you might want to "localhost" to point to another folder instead, eg / home / user / public_html. Here's how to do it:

First, make sure / home / Damien / public_html folder exists. Create a simple html file, the name of index.html and place it in public_html folder.

Open a terminal and type:

gksu gedit / etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default

Change DocumentRoot / var / www to DocumentRoot / home / user / public_html.

Change to.

 

then Restart Apache

sudo / etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Now, in your browser, Reload the URL http://localhost. you should see your html file that has been placed in the public_html folder.


Sites of different configurations

Way above allows you to change the default folder apache operation, however, some of you may not want to override the default settings. An alternative is to create multiple sites and apache leads to the active site.

Create a new settings file for your new site.

sudo cp / etc/apache2/sites-available/default / etc/apache2/sites-available/site1

Next, edit the settings file.

gksu gedit / etc/apache2/sites-available/site1

Change DocumentRoot / var / www to DocumentRoot / home / user / public_html.

Change to.

Save the settings and exit, then disables the default settings and make active site1 settings.

sudo a2dissite default & & sudo a2ensite site1

Finally, restart apache again. In this way, you can make multiple site configuration files, each pointing to a different folder. You can then easily switch between sites with and a2ensite a2dissite command.

Enabling file. htaccess

file. htaccess is a powerful file that can be used to control and customize the behavior of site server without editing the core Apache modules. By default, the function. htaccess is turned off and all the case files. htaccess is totally ignored. The server will not even attempt to read. htaccess file in the filesystem ..

To activate htaccess file, open the settings file that you created previously:

gksu gedit / etc/apache2/sites-available/site1


Save and Exit.

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